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© 2019 by Brookfield Centre For Lifestyle Medicine.

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Zika Virus - Congenital Zika Infection & Microcephaly

There has been an explosive rise in the number of cases of Zika virus infection with a nidus in Latin America and the Carribeans. Zika virus is related to Dengue, West Nile and some other viruses. It was first noted in 1947 in Africa and has spread by outbreaks to many different countries, with an ongoing outbreak in Brazil (In May 2015, Zika virus infections first arose in Brazil). and Puerto Rico; it has also been diagnosed in Harris County (Houston) Texas in January of 2016. The Virus is transmitted to people by a mosquito (Aedes) vector; and so the risk factor for infection is a mosquito bite. The means of infection for the US infection was via sexual contact and so the potential for tra

The Lassa Fever

Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by a rodent borne arena virus that is endemic in West Africa. It was first described in 1969 in a town called Lassa in Borno State, Nigeria. It actually frequently infects people in West Africa (Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and the Central African Republic) resulting in 300,000- 500,000 cases annually and about 5,000 deaths each year. The Primary animal host is the multimammate mouse (Mastomys natalensis) and it’s found in most of SubSaharan Africa. Virus is transmitted by contact with the feaces or urine of animals that have access to food stores in residences. Transmission may also occur from person to person when an individual makes contac